The use of domes on different places is quite old and sometimes this is considered as a sign of tradition of any nation. A dome is basically a self-supporting structural element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere. The structures of domes are made of different materials. There are different types of research studies that have clearly shown this fact that an original tradition of using multiple domes was developed in the church in Russia. The domes of Russia are famous worldwide and they typically have a carcass and an outer shell which is normally made of wood or metal. We have selected this article in order to discuss some largest domes of the world.
1. Taj Mahal, India
The dome of Taj Mahal, situated in India, is considered as one of the largest domes of the world. This dome was constructed following the orders of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife. This dome was constructed between 1632 and 1653 and it is 35 meters tall. This dome is made of white marble and is the most famous monument of subcontinent of India.
2. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
This dome is also considered as one of the largest domes of the world. There are different types of research reports that have clearly shown this fact that this dome is the most valuable achievement of Islamic architecture in Jerusalem. This dome was completed in 691 AD. The dome of the Rock is basically a shrine and is topped with golden color.
3. Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Russia
This famous dome is also present in Moscow’s Red Square. This is considered as the Russian Orthodox Church which was constructed and completed in 1561. Every year, hundreds of thousands of peoples from all over the world visit this place.
4. United States Capitol, Washington
Exactly located at Capitol Hill and this is the home of US Congress. There is another dome which is installed on this building. The original dome of this building was replaced after the expansion plan of this building at around 1850.
5. Imam Mosque, Iran
This dome reflects the true picture of Islamic architecture. This mosque is also considered as one of the masterpieces of Persian Architecture. This dome is the tallest dome of Iran and it has total height of 53 meters.
6. Hagia Sophia, Turkey
This dome is situated in Turkey. There are different types of research reports that have shown this fact that this building was a mosque from 1453 until 1931. After that, this was then secularized and opened as a museum in 1935 and till now it is serving as museum.
7. Florence Cathedral, Italy
This is also considered as one of the largest domes of the world. This is considered as main Church in Italy. Its construction started in 1296 and completed in 1436.
8. Reichstag, Germany
This dome was originally completed in 1894 and initially it was used by German parliament till 1933. In 1933, this dome was damaged during a fire. In 1999, this dome became the meeting place of the modern German parliament.
9. Pantheon, Italy
This dome is also considered as one of the largest domes of the world. This was built in 126 AD as a temple for all the Roman gods. It served as Roman Catholic Church since the 7th century.
10. St. Peter’s Basilica, Italy
This building was constructed during the year 1506 and 1615 and the initial design of this dome was designed in 1547. This dome has total height of 136.57 meters from the floor. This is considered as the tallest dome in the world.